Treatment Options in Chronic Kidney Disease
Treatment of chronic kidney disease varies according to the stage of illness. In all cases, active steps should be taken to control hypertension, to correct salt and water imbalance, to treat urinary tract infections and to reduce the risk for heart and blood vessel diseases.1
Dietary management, including adjustments of protein and water intake, as well as a regular medication prescribed by your doctor can lead to improved symptom control and slow down the progression of the disease.1,2
Read more about the nutritional management in CKD.
In stage 5, a patient cannot survive without renal replacement therapy, such as dialysis or kidney transplantation. In dialysis, wastes are washed out and water is withdrawn from the blood. Thus, dialysis can replace excretory functions of the kidney, but it cannot replace the production of hormones. Erythropoietin and vitamin D, which are normally generated by the kidneys, have to be supplemented in the form of medications. The two most widely used dialysis techniques are haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.3,4
After kidney transplantation, the transplanted organ takes over from the damaged kidneys. For a variety of reasons (not enough organ donors, health of the recipient etc.), many patients cannot be treated with kidney transplantation. Therefore, more patients are treated with dialysis than with transplantation.